Submarines Lost Through Enemy Action
Boat Date of Loss Casualties
Shark (SS-174) 11 Feb 42 58 killedAll hands lost
The first U.S. submarine in WWII to be lost with all hands. Sunk by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze; Makassar Strait, 120 miles east of Menado, Celebes.
Perch (SS-176) 3 Mar 42 All 59 taken prisoner, 8 later died as POWs
Launched 9 May 36 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. She was scuttled after severe damage from Japanese destroyers Ushio and Sazanami.
Grunion (SS-216) 31 Jul 42 70 killedAll hands lost
Launched 22 Dec 41 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. She was sunk on her First War Patrol by gunfire from torpedoed Japanese transport Kashima Maru;10 miles north Segula, near Kiska Island, Aleutians.
Argonaut (SS-166) 10 Jan 43 105 killedAll hands lost
Launched 10 Nov 27 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. America's largest submarine during WWII, was sunk by aircraft and Japanese destroyers Isokaze and Maikaze southeast of New Britain in Solomon Sea on her Third War Patrol.
Amberjack (SS-219) 14 Feb 43 74 killedAll hands lost
Launched 6 Mar 42 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. She was sunk on her Third War Patrol by combined efforts of a Japanese seaplane, torpedo boat Hiyodori, and submarine chaser off Cape St. George, New Britain.
Grampus (SS-207) Feb or Mar 43 71 killedAll hands lost
Launched 23 Nov 40 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. Sunk on her Sixth War Patrol either by Japanese naval aircraft southeast of New Britain on 19 February or by destroyer Minegumo in Blackett Strait on the night of 5-6 March.
Triton (SS-201) 15 Mar 43 74 killedAll hands lost
Sunk either by Japanese destroyer Satsuki or submarine chaser Ch 24 north of Admiralty Islands.
Pickerel (SS-177) 3 Apr 43 74 killedAll hands lost
Launched 7 Jul 36 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. She was sunk on her Seventh War Patrol by Japanese minelayer Shirakami and auxiliary subchaser Bunzan Maru off northern Honshu, Japan.
Grenadier (SS-210) 22 Apr 43 All 76 crew taken prisoner, 4 died as POWs
Launched 20 Nov 40 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. Scuttled during her Sixth War Patrol after Japanese seaplane attacks (936 Kokutai) damaged the boat the previous day, off Penang, Malaysia.
Runner (SS-275) Jun 43 78 killedAll hands lost
Launched 30 May 42 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. She was sunk on her Fourth War Patrol to unknown causes. Possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.
Pompano (SS-181) Aug or Sep 43 76 killedAll hands lost
Launched 11 Mar 37 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, CA. Sunk on her Seventh War Patrol to unknown causes . Possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.
Grayling (SS-209) 9 Sep 43 76 killedAll hands lost
Launched 4 Sep 40 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. Sunk to unknown causes. Probably rammed and sunk by Japanese transport Hokuan Maru, South China Sea west of Luzon.
Cisco (SS-290) 28 Sep 43 76 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese observation seaplane and gunboat Karatsu in Sulu Sea off Panay Island.
S 44 (SS-155) 7 Oct 43 55 killed2 survivors taken prisoner
Launched 27 Oct 23 at Fore River Shipbuilding Co., Quincy, MA. Lost to Japanese escort destroyer Ishigaki, northeast Araito Island off Kamchatka.
Dorado (SS-248) Oct 43 76 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Presumed either accidently bombed and sunk by friendly Guantanamo-based flying boat on 13 October or sunk by a German submarine mine in the West Indies.
Wahoo (SS-238) 11 Oct 43 80 killedAll hands lost
Launched 14 Feb 42 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, CA. Sunk on her Seventh War Patrol by Japanese naval aircraft, submarine chasers Ch 15 and Ch 43, and minesweeper W.18 in La Perouse Strait off Japan.
Corvina (SS-226) 16 Nov 43 82 killedAll hands lost
Launched 9 May 43 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. Torpedoed and sunk on her First War Patrol by Japanese submarine I 176 south of Truk.
Capelin (SS-289) Nov 43 78 killedAll hands lost
Launched 20 Jan 43 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. Sunk on her First War Patrol by unknown causes, either Japanese aircraft and minelayer Wanatake, a Japanese mine in the northern Celebes, or perhaps a hull defect reported prior to her departure from Darwin.
Sculpin (SS-191) 19 Nov 43 63 men lost, 21 taken prisoner
Launched 27 Jul 38 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. On her Ninth War Patrol she was damaged by Japanese destroyer Yamagumo and later scuttled north of Truk.
Scorpion (SS-278) Jan 44 76 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Probably a Japanese mine in Yellow or East China Sea.
Grayback (SS-208) 27 Feb 44 80 killedAll hands lost
Launched 31 Jan 41 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. Sunk on her tenth War Patrol probably to damage inflicted by land-based Japanese naval aircraft suffered the day before in the East China Sea.
Trout (SS-202) 29 Feb 44 81 killedAll hands lost
Most likely sunk by Japanese destroyer Asashimo in Philippine Sea.
Gudgeon (SS-211) 18 April 44 78 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Presumed sunk by Japanese naval aircraft southwest of Iwo Jima.
Herring (SS-233) 1 Jun 44 84 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese Army shore battery off Matsuwa Island, Kuriles.
Golet (SS-361) 14 Jun 44 82 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Probably sunk by Japanese guardboat Miya Maru, auxiliary submarine chaser Bunzan Maru, and naval aircraft off northern Honshu, Japan.
Robalo (SS-273) 26 Jul 44 74 men lost, 4 taken prisoner, none survived as POW
Sunk by a mine off western Palawan, Philippines.
Flier (SS-250) 13 Aug 44 78 lost, 8 survivors
Launched 11 Jul 43 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. Sunk by a Japanese mine south of Palawan in Balabac Strait on her Second War Patrol.
Harder (SS-257) 24 Aug 44 79 killedAll hands lost
Launched 19 Aug 42 at Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT. Sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 22 on her Sixth War Patrol off west coast of Luzon, Philippines.
Escolar (SS-294) 17 Oct 44 82 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Possibly sunk by a Japanese mine in the Yellow Sea.
Shark (SS-314) 24 Oct 44 87 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese depth charges from Harukaze, South China Sea west of Luzon.
Albacore (SS-218) 7 Nov 44 86 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Possible Japanese mine off northern tip of Honshu, Japan.
Growler (SS-215) 8 Nov 44 85 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Probably sunk by Japanese destroyer Shigure, escort vessel Chiburi, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 19 off Mindoro.
Scamp (SS-277) 11 Nov 44 83 killedAll hands lost
Launched 20 Jul 42 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. Sunk on her Eighth War Patrol by Japanese naval aircraft and coast defense vessel in Tokyo Bay area.
Swordfish (SS-193) Jan 45 89 killedAll hands lost
Unknown. Possibly sunk by Japanese coast defense vessel on 5 January or sunk by a mine off Okinawa on 9 January.
Barbel (SS-316) 4 Feb 45 81 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in South China Sea in Palawan Passage.
Kete (SS-369) 20 Mar 45 87 killedAll hands lost
Unknow. Presumed sunk by a mine or a Japanese submarine east of Okinawa.
Trigger (SS-237) 28 Mar 45 89 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto.
Snook (SS-279) 9 Apr 45 84 killedAll hands lost
Launched 15 Aug 42 at Portsmouth, NH Naval Shipyard. Sunk on her Ninth War Patrol by a combination of Japanese naval aircraft, escort vessel Okinawa, Coast Defense Vessel No. 8 , Coast Defense Vessel No. 32 , and Coast Defense Vessel No. 52; and/or submarine I-56 in the Nansei Soto.
Lagarto (SS-371) 3 May 45 85 killedAll hands lost
Sunk by Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka in Gulf of Siam.
Bonefish (SS-223) 18 Jun 45 85 killedAll hands lost
Launched 7 Mar 43 at Electrict Boat Co., Groton, CT. Sunk on her Eighth War Patrol by combined efforts of escort destroyer Okinawa, Coast Defense Vessel No. 63, Coast Defense Vessel No. 75, Coast Defense Vessel No. 158, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 207 off southern coast of Honshu, Japan.
Bullhead (SS-332) 6 Aug 45 84 killedAll hands lost
Probably sunk by Japanese Army aircraft off Bali in the Java Sea.
Submarines Lost Through Accidents and Perils of the Sea
Boat Date of Loss Casualties
F 4 (SS-23) 25 Mar 15 21 diedAll hands lost
Sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii.
F 1 (SS-20) 16 Dec 17 19 died
Sunk after collision with USS F 3 (SS-22) off San Diego, California.
G 2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died
Foundered and sunk in Long Island Sound.
H 1 (SS-28) 12 Mar 20 4 died
Foundered and sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California.
O 5 (SS-66) 20 Oct 23 3 died
Rammed and sunk by United Fruit steamer Abangarez in Limon Bay, Canal Zone.
S 51 (SS-162) 25 Sep 25 33 diedAll hands lost
Sunk after collision with steamer City of Rome off Block Island, Rhode Island.
Squalus (SS-192) 23 May 39 26 died
Foundered off Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
O-9 (SS-70) 20 Jun 41 33 died
Foundered during deep submergence tests off New London, Connecticut.
S-26 (SS-131) 24 Jan 42 46 died3 survivors
Launched 22 Oct 22 at Fore River Shipbuilding Co., Quincy, MA. She sank after collision with her escort USS PC-460 in Gulf of Panama.
R-12 (SS-89) 12 Jun 43 42 died3 survivors
Launched 15 Aug 1919 at Fore River Shipyard Co., Quincy, MA. Foundered after battery flooded while off Key West, Florida.
Tullibee (SS-284) 26 Mar 44 79 died1 survivor taken prisoner
Accidently sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands.
S-28 (SS-133) 4 Jun 44 50 diedAll hands lost
Launched 20 Sep 22 at Fore River Shipbuilding Co., Quincy, MA. Lost during ASW exercises off the Hawaiian Islands.
Seawolf (SS-197) 3 Oct 44 99 diedAll hands lost plus 17 army personnel
Accidently sunk by naval aircraft from USS Midway (CVE-63) and USS Rowell (DE-403) off Morotai Island.
Darter (SS-227) 24 Oct 44 No loss of life
Ran aground on Bombay Shoal, Palawan Passage; later scuttled by USS Nautilus (SS-168) and USS Dace (SS-247).
Tang (SS-306) 24 Oct 44 78 died, 9 POWs
Sunk by circular run of own torpedo in Formosa Strait.
Cochino (SS-345) 26 Aug 49 1 died
Foundered after a battery explosion during a severe storm off northern Norway.
Thresher (SSN-593) 10 Apr 63 129 diedAll hands lost
Sank after a possible piping failure during deep submergence tests off New England coast.
Scorpion (SSN-589) 27 May 68 99 diedAll hands lost
Loss not ascertainable; most probable inadvertent activation of battery of torpedo resulting in a possible "hot run" torpedo detonation off Azores.
Selected Submarine Accidents / Damage From Enemy Action
Grampus (later A3) 10 Dec 10 1 died
Main engine fuel explosion.
E2 (SS-25) 15 Jan 16 4 died
Battery explosion while in New York Navy Yard.
G2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died
Sank at moorings off New London, Connecticut.
S37 (SS-142) 10 Oct 23 3 died
Battery explosion in harbor at San Pedro, California.
S49 (SS-160) 20 Apr 26 4 died
Battery explosion at Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut.
S4 (SS-109) 17 Dec 27 39 diedAll hands lost
Rammed off Provincetown, Massachusetts, by U.S. Coast Guard cutter Paulding. Later salvaged.
S34 (SS-139) 11 Jan 34 1 died
Accidental signal cartridge explosion.
Seadragon (SS-194) 10 Dec 41 1 killed
Slightly damaged by a bomb during Japanese air attack on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands.
Sealion (SS-195) 10 Dec 41 4 killed
Severely damaged by two bombs during Japanese air attack on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands; later scuttled on 25 December 1941.
Bass (SS-164) 17 Aug 42 25 died
Fire in after battery room asphyxiates part of the crew.
Tusk (SS-426) 26 Aug 49 6 died
Crew members washed overboard while rescuing crew of fire damaged USS Cochino (SS-345) in the Norwegian Sea.
Sargo (SSN-583) 14 Jun 60 1 died
Oxygen feedline fire and explosion in after torpedo room; blaze extinguished by submerging in Pearl Harbor with compartment sealed and stern torpedo hatch open.
Bonefish (SS-582) 24 Apr 88 3 died
Battery fire and explosion while operating off Florida.
Barbel (SS-580) 1 May 89 2 drowned
Heavy waves wash three sailors from the deck of submarine while operating off Kyushu, Japan. One sailor rescued.
Cressman, Robert J.; The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1959-89.